All throughout the semester we have learned about different themes that that have affect the Americas and their sports. Sports have always impacted the world in great ways so it is important to understand why they do or how they affect us. I did my project on Cuban baseball and the exhibition games that occurred in 1999 and 2016. I talked about the Cuban and American relations before the exhibition games and after. I talked about how the sport of baseball was able to bring more people together and how this one sport helped bring Cuba and the US closer together. I got a lot of information from the book The Pride of Havana: A History of Cuban Baseball written by González Echevarría, Roberto The reading talks about the history of baseball in Cuba and shares some backstory on the sport in Cuba. Reading this chapter of the book was very good research for my project because it helped me understand how important baseball was to Cuba and to Cubans. I found this interesting because normally when people think of Cuba they think of Fidel Castro or the Cuban Missile crisis.

Continue reading Final Exam

ELSEY, B., & Nadel, J. (2020). FUTBOLERA: A history of women and sports in latin america. Place of publication not identified: UNIV OF TEXAS Press.

Futbolera: A History of Women and Sports in Latin America is a book written by Brenda Elsey and Joshua Nadel that talks about the history of women and sports in Latin America. They discuss women’s sports in many countries including, Argentina, Chile, Brazil, Mexico, and other Central American countries. Starting in the early 1900s, Latin America had little to no women sports and this book discusses the development of women sports and what it was like. It discusses some of the backlash that the women received for playing these sports. Many men and the media did not like women playing sports because they viewed that as a masculine thing and that sports are for men.  But the main point of the book is to explain the history and all of the adversaries that these women athletes had to go through. It 

The book does a really good job at engaging the reader and keeping them interested in the topic. The book gives a lot of information that is supposed to keep you engaged and it was really engaging for me. The way the book is structured is really good. The way that the chapters are set up allows you to get a little bit of backstory before it starts explaining some big event.It starts off by giving some backstories about what women sports were like in the early 1900s then it goes right into the events such as Brazil’s prohibition on women’s football and Mexican women’s football. 

One of the biggest events the book talks about is the ban on women sports that Brazil enforced since around the 40s. One big argument of why women should not play sports, specifically football, came from a letter written by a concerned citizen named Jose Fuzeira. “In it, Fuzeira decried a ‘calamity’ threatening the nation: girls and young women playing football. The danger in women playing football, according to Fuzeira, steamed from inherent violence in the game, which could ‘seriously damage the physiological equilibrium’ of women’s ‘organ functions.’” Obviously it does not take a medical degree to know this is incorrect. This is surprising to me because women’s sports in Brazil would be banned for so long and I would never hear about it until now. With no surprise though women continued to play football and other sports during the ban but the ban did limit the growth of women playing these sports and obviously there were no leagues for these girls to play in. 

Another important event talked about in the book is the rise of women’s football in Mexico and how their women’s team went on to win the women’s world championship against Italy. Women’s football began to rise in the late 60s and 70s. One of the first women football tournaments started in 1969 and was played in the capital, Mexico City. With women’s football growing in Mexico, the media started to cover other countries’ women’s teams. This caused women’s football to grow even more in Mexico. The media coverage was at its highest point when Mexico was to compete in the women’s football world championship. The national team was picked the same way as the mens. In their first year, the team lost to Italy in the semi finals but was able to win the consolation game and finished in 3rd place. During the 1971 women’s world cup there continued to be major backlash. This did not stop the women’s national team though as they were able to get all the way to the finals. Unfortunately they lost to Denmark in the finals. 

The merits of the book seem really good. There are plenty of sources listed in the book and each statement seems to be backed up with a source or other information. The information in the book seems incredibly intelligent and it certainly seems that the authors did their research before writing this book. I think the fact that there are multiple authors of this book makes it more trustworthy because they can fact check each other while writing the book. I think this book would benefit historians when they try to look at Latin America because this is a big part of their past.

Anthony DeBone

Appalachian State University 

This weeks reading discusses race in sports, specifically in boxing and in Argentina. In chapter 7 of the book Sports Culture in Latin American History, they discuss how in the 1930s boxing was an up and coming sport in Columbia. The author notes that this growth of boxing in Columbia and all around Latin America is because many black boxers started to become popular. Antonio Cervantes, or better known as Kid Pambele was one of the most famous people in Columbia. He was a boxer that became their national champion and one of the most historic people from Columbian sports. The author goes on to talk about how most boxers, especially in the Caribbean grew up with very little and might of had a rough childhood. All the boxers he talks about are black and them being so made it harder for them to continue boxing and a lot had negative reputations because of their race. The Second reading is The Macaquitos Affairs. In Argentina back in the 1920s there was a clear dislike for Brazil. They were seen as inferior or a less classy people. This writing goes over the time when the Brazilian national soccer team came to face off in an exhibition match against the Argentina national team. It talks about how Argentina has a history of seeing other countries as inferior and seeing themselves as superior. Argentina especially looked down on Brazilians. European white supremacy was a very common thing in Argentina as well as in Europe. This led to Argentina thinking of themselves as the superior country in South America. The people on the Brazilian team were view as people from the elite. People that were way higher up than just the common folk in Brazil. But in Argentina it was the sports press that undermined Brazilians the most. Both readings showed how racist thinking and ideals affected people in Latin America. Boxing became very popular in Columbia because of the emergence of many black boxers including Kid Pambele. Then Argentina sports writers were discriminating against the Brazilian national team because of the perception they had on Brazil.

Hi! I am originally from Oakland CA, but I moved to North Carolina when I was 13 and I now currently live in Holly Springs, NC. During my freshman year of college I attended Barton College in Wilson, NC. I transferred here before my sophomore year of college and I am now in my second year here at App State. I hope to get a better understanding of how sports affects our culture in the Americas from this class. I grew up playing baseball on a team but I love playing any sport with my friends. Being from the Bay Area I am a fan of all the San Francisco teams (SF Giants, SF 49ers, GS Warriors). My favorite sport is baseball so I follow the Giants the most. Which is very unfortunate right now as they are not doing too good, but when you get to watch your team win three world series in five years, you can accept a rebuild.

Me and my girlfriend visiting the 49ers stadium