FE-Final Exam

Throughout this semester, we have learned each week about the countless ways that sports can inherently reflect different political, cultural, and social principles, as well as how sports and society mutually influence and shape each other. Within my digital research project, I analyzed the ways in which some primary source images of the 1930 World Cup, that took place in Uruguay, reflected how the values of a traditional Latin American culture were gradually straying away towards more modern ideologies. While researching for this project and reading about the cultural expectations of 20th century Uruguay, I immediately related the information to our discussion of Fútbolera: A History of Women and Sports in Latin America. Within my own research, I was able to identify the societal expectations of gender, femininity, and athleticism within the context of the 1930 World Cup, and the traditional, ideological principles proved to be intrinsically similar in comparison to the cultural experiences of female football players. Additionally, both Fútbolera and the 1930 World Cup reflect a transitional period occurring transnationally throughout the 20th century, specifically in regards to the gradual modernization of social expectations. The photographs of the World Cup introduced the rising presence of female spectators and sport fans within athletic stadiums, which inherently opposes the cultural expectations of Latin American societies that traditionally restrict women within the mold of domestication and condemn any influence of masculinity. This is also representative of the collective societal reaction to Futboleras within Latin American nations, because the idea of female athletes dismissed the acceptable role and expectations of women. Both of these historical experiences reflect the reoccurring theme of our course curriculum, specifically regarding the societal influence of sports and how the traditional expectations of those sports represent the expectations of the state.

  • Citations:
    • Elsey, Brenda and Joshua Nadel. Fútbolera: A History of Women and Sports in Latin America. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2019. 
    • Acuña, Pedro. “Snapshots of Modernity: Reading Football Photographs of the 1930 World Cup in Uruguay.” International Journal of the History of Sport 36, no. 9/10 (May 2019): 832–53. doi:10.1080/09523367.2019.1679776.
    • Digital Project Link: https://www.thinglink.com/scene/1390473722413973505
    • https://www.theydrawandtravel.com/illustrations/5403-montevideo-uruguay
    • Timeline Link: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1jXCKPW9pO4xV9vDKsjg6HqIdb7ocSaPw/view?usp=sharing
    • https://twitter.com/WC1930blogger?s=20
    • https://cdf.montevideo.gub.uy/exposicion/1930-el-primer-mundial#
    • https://www.fifa.com/worldcup/news/hosts-uruguay-beat-arch-rivals-first-world-crown-502035
    • https://es.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/uruguay1930/photos/#the-argentinian-team-prior-to-their-fifa-world-cup-match
    • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3gELBavbzWQ
    • http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport3/worldcup2002/hi/history/newsid_1632000/1632201.stm

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